Ernest Bowen de SilvaElementary School

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Kindergarten » Alphabet Activities

Alphabet Activities

Alphabet Activities

The activities listed below are some things you may want to do with your child at home to support what he/she is learning in school when we do the letter of the week.  Have fun!!!
 
The Letter Aa
1. Letter Recognition: Go on an "A a" letter hunt. Look for "A a" in a newspaper or magazine. Circle each one found or cut them out and glue them on a piece of paper.

2. Play a listening game: Pronounce each word clearly and have your child listen for the long "a" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "apron." 

   April, head, outfit, ace, apricot, Amy, pie, angel, 
   able, black, nest, ate, aviator, ape, lion, acorn... 

3. Play another listening game: Pronounce each word clearly and have your child listen for the short "a" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "apple." 

   astronaut, parrot, Adam, Abby, glove, candy, absent, absorb,
   aster, atom, cardinal, atlas, avenue, tiger, average, ax, acrobat

4. Play a Word Guessing Game: All of your child's answers should begin with the short "A a" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "apple."

a. I go into outer space and wear a space suit. I am an _____. (astronaut)
b. One who performs in a circus on the trapeze is called an ____. (acrobat)
c. This is a fruit that is red and grows on a tree. _____ (apple)
d. This is what is left in the fireplace after the fire goes out.______ (ashes)
e. A book with maps of different countries in it is called an _____. (atlas)

5. Look for apples in the produce section of your grocery store. How many colors do apples come in? (red, yellow and green) If possible, buy one of each kind and do a taste test at home. Which one do you like best?

6. Sing this song: "The Letter Aa Song"   Tune: London Bridge
I am learning letter Aa, letter Aa, letter Aa
I am learning letter Aa, a, a, a, a. (Make the short a sound)

Let your child help think of new verses to add:
Aa begins the alphabet...
Apple starts with letter Aa...

7. Show your child how to make "A a" this way:

A = Make 2 sliding boards from top to bottom and cross it from left to right
a = Make a circle and put a straight line on the right side of the circle

 The Letter Bb

1. Have a "B b" hunt around the house. Encourage your child to see how many objects he can find with names beginning with the "B b" sound. If possible, let your child write the name on a card to hang on the object.


2. Which two words in each group begin with the "B b" sound?

ball, baby, cat              coat, bump, bubble
Bobby, Mary, Betty      balloon, apple, bat
red, boy, bicycle          corn, bug, big
hand, book, bugle          back, bunny, march

3. Which words in these sentences begin with the "B b" sound?

a. The boy has a red bicycle.
b. That bird has a long bill.
c. My book is about three bears.
d. Barry lost a button on his coat.
e. The boat bumped into the river bank.

4. Play a Listening game: All of your guesses should begin with the "B b" sound.

a. A little insect that buzzes, makes honey, and may sting you is called a ________. (bee)
b. The round thing we can roll and throw and catch is called a ______. (ball)
c. The animal that sings "chirp, chirp" and flies above the trees is a _____. (bird)
d. The round thing filled with air you have at a party is called a _____. (balloon)
e. At night the cows go to sleep in the ________. (barn)

5. What is the difference between a buffalo and a bison? Discuss bunnies, birds, bears, baboons, bugs, bumblebees, boars, bald eagles, bats, basset hounds, beagles, burros, beavers, bloodhounds, blue jays, brontosaurus, Boston terriers, bulldogs, butterflies... 

6. Make "My Bb Book." Staple several pieces of paper together to make a book. Have your child look through magazines and cut out pictures of things beginning like "big bubbles." Glue one picture to each page then help your child write a sentence about each picture. Have your child read his/her book to you then add the title.
 
The Letter Cc
1. Letter Recognition: Find words beginning with "C c" in a newspaper or a magazine. Have your child cut out and glue them on a piece of paper. Next, have your child look for and cut out pictures of objects with names beginning with the "C c" sound. He/She should glue them to the paper.

2. Listening: Which words in these sentences begin with the "C c" sound?
a. Cats can climb trees.
b. Color the camel brown.
c. Could you carry a car?
d. Do you like corn on the cob?
e. Too much candy can give you cavities.

3. Listen to the three words in these groups and tell which two begin with the same sound. Another day ask which word begins with a different sound.

cat, cook, tire      Carol, Bob, Cathy      dip, cover, cold     cough, cut, wall
count, table, class      nuts, cart, cake      cab, catch, paper      curl, gift, cap 

4. Listening-Thinking Game: I will read some words that begin with "C c" as in "coffee cup." Put your hand up when you hear something to eat. Then say the word.

corn     cat     cabbage     cookie     color     cake     candy     cousin     carrot     cup     cupcake     calendar

5. Word-Guessing Game: All the words that you will guess begin with the sound of "C c" at the beginning as in "coffee cup."

a. The animal that gives us milk is a _______. (cow)
b. Green, red, blue, purple and orange are _______. (colors)
c. What is orange and is a vegetable Bugs Bunny likes to eat? _____ (carrot)
d. You wear this when you go outside in winter _______. (coat)
e. The thing you drink from that has a handle is a ______. (cup)

6. Show your child how to make "C c" this way:

Start at the top and curve to the left and go to the bottom line.
 
The Letter Dd
1. Letter Recognition: 
Compare the letters "b and d." How are they the same? (Both have a line and a small circle at the bottom.) How are they different? (In the letter b, the circle is to the right of the line. In the letter d, the circle is to the left of the line.) We talk about this in class but continued reinforcement would be helpful at home as these two letters usually confuse young children. 

2. Listening: 
Listen to each sentence. Which words start like "delicious donuts?"
      a. David did not like to dance.

      b. I took a dip in the pool.

      c. The dog ran after the duck.

      d. The doctor said I could not eat dinner.

      e. Does Diane have a new doll?

3. Listening-Thinking: 
All the words you will guess should begin with the sound of "D d."
      a. The opposite of up is __________. (down)

      b. What animal goes "quack-quack?" ___________ (duck)

      c. When we are sick we must go to see the _________ (doctor)

      d. A puddle is shallow, the ocean is ___________. (deep)

      e. What animal wags its tail and barks? _________ (dog)

4. Directions: 
Kindergartners should be able to carry out a three step direction.
      Try these and then add more three step directions of your own.

      a. Go to the door, open it, then close it.

      b. Stand up, touch your toes, then touch your ears.

      c. Stand on one foot, hop three times, then turn around.

      d. Point to the window, pick up a book then put it on a chair.

      e. Clap your hands behind you, then in front, then over your head.

5. Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "delicious donuts." Glue them to a piece of paper and have your child label the pictures using "invented spelling." Your child should say the word a few times so he/she can listen to the sounds at the beginning, middle and end of the word. Your child should guess how the word is spelled and write his/her letter guesses under each picture. If your child is interested in the correct spelling you can tell him/her after he/she guesses the sounds.

6. Printing: Show your child how to print "D d" this way:

D: Make a straight line from top to bottom. Go back to the top and make a curved line on the right side of the line down to the bottom line.
d: Make a circle between the middle and bottom line. Then make a straight line from top to bottom to the right of the circle.
 
The Letter Ee
1. Play a listening game: "Touch your elbow" if the word begins the same as "echo." Your hands should remain in your lap if the word begins with a different sound.

ant, elf, dog, enjoy, enlarge, collar, elk, baby, exit,
lamp, elbow, banana, edge, empty, pencil, edge, elm, envelope

2. Which word begins with the short "E e" sound you hear at the beginning of "echo?" Can you hear the short "E e" sound in the middle of any of the words?

ant, egg, bell       exit, tent, bed
enjoy, neck, dog        coat, cap, elevator
gate, engine, boat      Eskimo, net, pen
elephant, arm, bet      nose, elf, boy

3. Play a Word Guessing game. All of your guesses should begin with the short "E e" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "egg."

a. The part of the train that pulls the cars is called an _______. (engine)
b. You look for this sign when you want to leave a building. _________. (exit)
c. The large, gray animal we see in the zoo with a trunk is called an _________. (elephant)
d. The moving stairs at the mall is called an _______. (escalator)
e. When you finish drinking your juice your glass is ______. (empty) 

4. Play a Word Guessing game. All of your guesses should begin with the long "E e" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "Easter."

a. The bird that represents the United States is the bald _____. (eagle)
b. The opposite of hard or difficult is ______. (easy)
c. You use this when you make a mistake with your pencil. _______ (eraser)
d. What word is missing from this problem? Two plus two _______ four. (equals)
e. Which direction is missing? North, South, West and ______ (East)

5. Make "My Egg Book." Point out that many people pronounce the "e" sound in egg like the long a sound. Draw a large egg shape on a piece of white paper and cut it out. Trace that page and cut out more egg-shaped pages for your book. On each page draw an animal that lays an egg to have babies such as, turtles, snakes, frogs, birds, butterflies and dinosaurs. Write a sentence about each page. Read your book to your mom or dad.

6. Show your child how to print "E e" this way:

E: Make a straight line from the top line to the bottom line. Make 3 lines from left to right starting at the top, then in the middle and at the bottom.
e: Make a "c" then draw a line from left to right.

 
The Letter Ff
1. Play a Listening Game. Which words begin with the "F f" sound?
a. That fellow has found five pennies.
b. The farmer put a fence around his field.
c. Too much food will make you fat.
d. Felix had a fever for four days.
e. You will find fins on a fish.

2. Play a Word Guessing game. All of your answers should begin with the "F f" sound.
a. My eyes, nose, and mouth are a part of my ________. (face)
b. What number comes after four? ________ (five)
c. A cat has fur and a bird has __________. (feathers)
d. An animal that swims in water and is caught on a hook is a ______. (fish)

3. Thinking: Tell what is wrong with these sentences:
a. A firefighter uses a book to fight fires.
b. A frog can fly.
c. I turn on the fan when I want to feel warm.
d. Feathers grow on a fox.
e. I eat french fries with my feet.

4. Have fun with "F f"
a. Float around the room like a feather.
b. Pretend to play the flute or a fiddle.
c. Make a funny face then see if your mom or dad can make it, too.
d. Play leap frog with a friend.

5. Make "My Family Foot Book." Your child should trace his/her foot on a piece of paper. Then he/she should trace each family member's foot on their own piece of paper. Decorate a cover then staple the pages together to make a book. Have your child look through magazines to find the letter "F f" and pictures that begin with the "F f" sound to cut out and glue to each footprint. Have your child label the pictures. Decorate the pages any way you want then read your book to a friend or your father.

6. Make a Fan

7. Show your child how to make "F f" like this:

F: Make a straight line from top to bottom. At the top, make a line from left to right. Make another line from left to right in the middle.
f: Make a "candy cane" then cross it in the middle from left to right.
 
The Letter Gg
1. Play a Listening game: "Gallop" when you hear a word that begins like "goat." If your child can hear many letter sounds then read the list again and have your child say if he/she hears the "G g" sound at the beginning, middle or end of each word or doesn't hear it at all.

goat, wiggle, pig, gate, ghost, goose, dog, snuggle, gopher, gumbo, begin, gas, stegosaurus, gobbler, big, gum, guppy, egg, giggle, gallery, guess, bag, gorilla, juggle, bug, game...

2. Play a Listening game.
Which words in each sentence begin with the "G g" sound as in "gorilla"?

a. "Good morning, boys and girls," said Mrs. Jones.
b. Gordon got his guitar and sang for us.
c. We need gas to go for a ride in the car.
d. That goat can drink a gallon of water.
e. Let's play a guessing game.

3. Play a Word Guessing game.
All your guesses should begin with the "G g" sound.

a. "Candyland" and "Hungry, Hungry Hippos" are good ________. (games)
b. I grow flowers and vegetables in my ________. (garden)
c. On your birthday you will be given a present. 
Another word for present is _______. (gift)
d. In a treasure chest the coins may be silver or _______. (gold)
e. I am thinking of something you buy at the store. It is sweet and you can chew it for a long time. It is sticky chewing _________. (gum)

4. Make a big picture of a ghost on a piece of white paper. Cut out "G g" from a newspaper and glue them on the ghost. Find magazine pictures or draw pictures beginning with the "G g" sound on the ghost. Help your child label the pictures.
 
5. Sing "My Silly Billy Goat" to the tune of "The Wheels on the Bus." My silly billy goat eats my clothes off the line, my clothes of the line, my clothes off the line, My silly billy goat eats my clothes off the line, As soon as I hang them up! Replace "my clothes off the line" with new verses: my shirt and my pants, my shoes and my socks, my towel and my shorts...

6. Show your child how to make "G g" this way:

G: Start at the top and make a curved line towards the left and to the bottom (like a C) and go back up halfway, then make a line to the left. g: Make a circle then make a straight line on the right side of the circle that curves to the left at the bottom.

The Letter Hh

1. Trace your child's hand or your hand on a piece of paper. Go on an "H h" letter hunt in newspapers or magazines. Cut them out and glue them on the hand, making the hand hold all the Hh's. 

2. Have an "H h" hunt around the house. How many objects can your child find beginning with the "H h" sound? If possible, allow your child to tag the object with a card bearing the letter "H h" or the word that begins with "H h."

3. Which words in these sentences begin with the "H h" sound?

a. It is too hot to climb the hill.
b. Hand the hammer to the carpenter.
c. That horn has a happy sound.
d. Harry ate his hamburger before I ate mine.

4. Play a word guessing game: All answers should begin with the "H h " sound.

a. A rainy day makes me sad, a sunny day makes me _______. (happy)
b. I am thinking of an animal with four long legs and a mane. 
Sometimes you saddle and ride him. He is a ________. (horse)
c. If I am pounding a nail, I will use a __________. (hammer)
d. When I am dressing, I always comb my __________. (hair)

5. Listen to the three words in these groups and tell which two begin with the same sound. Another day ask which word begins with a different sound.

heel  eye  head    
heat  had  ill    
high  add  hive    
eight  hair  hear    
can  hand  hat    
home  pot  happy    
hold  hall  ear    
ham  all  hill    
half  heart  aim

6. Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "hungry hippo." Glue them to a piece of paper and help your child label the pictures.

7. Make a fun hat to wear.

8. Show your child how to make "H h" this way:

Start at the top and make a straight line to the bottom then make another line from top to bottom next to it. Cross the lines in the middle from left to right.
 
 The Letter Ii
1. Make an Indian headband. Cut a 2" strip of paper that can go around your child's head. Your child may cut out a feather for the headband and also color designs on it.

2. Go on an "I i" letter hunt in newspapers and magazines. Cut them out and glue them on the feather. Then look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "Indian" and glue them on the headband. Since these pictures may be hard to find, your child may draw them on the headband.

3. Listen to the 3 words in each group.
Which word begins with the short "I i" sound as in "Indian?"

book, iguana, cat         insect, ant, elf
initial, pig, boot         cow, instrument, bee
soup, fork, ink          boy, coat, inside
itch, car, door          soap, it, bed

4. Play "In and Out." Pronounce a series of words, some of which begin with the short sound of "I i" and some with other beginning sounds. If the pronounced word begins with the sound of "I i" as in "Indian," your child is to turn his thumbs "in." If the word begins with another sound, he/she turns his/her thumbs "out." 

bear, inch, dog, it, insect, elf, initial, in, ant, car, if, hat, ink, boat, igloo, infant, inside, bat, itch, goat, Indian, foot, imp, cat, instrument... 

5. A word guessing game:
All the words you guess should begin with the "I i" sound.

a. The house made of blocks of snow that some Eskimos live in is called an ______. (igloo)
b. The opposite of out is ___________. (in)
c. There are 12 of these on a foot-long ruler. __________ (inches)
d. The members of the band play __________. (instruments)
e. When it is raining outside, we have to play __________. (inside)

6. Indian Vest: By cutting neck and arm openings and cutting up the front, a large brown paper grocery bag can be made into a simple but effective vest. Paint or color and cut fringe on the bottom. Indian Necklace: Macaroni, cheerios and straw pieces can be laced onto a piece of yarn to wear as a necklace with your headband and vest.

7. Show your child how to make "I i" this way:

I: Make a straight line from top to bottom. Make a line from left to right on the top and another line from left to right on the bottom.
i: Make a straight line from top to bottom then put a dot on top.
 
The Letter Jj
1. Play a word guessing game:
All words your child guesses should begin with "J j."
a. Monkeys and parrots live in a warm place with many trees and bushes. It is called a ___________. (jungle)
b. What two children went up the hill to fetch a pail of water? (Jack and Jill)
c. I am thinking of something made with fruit that is very sweet and sticky. I can spread it on bread. What is it? (jam, jelly)

2. Which words begin with the "J j" sound in each sentence?
a. Jena likes jelly on bread.
b. Jack and Jerry play hockey.
c. Jay caught a jellyfish in his net.
d. I took a jar of jam to my aunt.
e. Joe's jacket is at the dry cleaners.
f. The jay bird flew away in a jiffy.

3. Play a listening-thinking game: Tell what is wrong with these sentences.
a. Jim liked his jacket because it kept him cool on a cold day.
b. The cookie jar ate all the cookies and candy.
c. The cow jumped rope on the moon.

4. Listen to these words: Jump when you hear one that begins like "jump."
     jacks, June, will, Jean, play, jolly, January, bike,
     July, girl, jewelry, Tom, skate, jello, ...continue adding words

5. Make a "Jolly Jack-o-'lantern." Either draw or cut a pumpkin shape from an orange piece of paper. Add a happy face to make it a "jolly jack-o-'lantern." Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning with the "J j" sound. Glue the pictures to the jack-o-'lantern then have your child label the pictures.
6. Show your child how to make "J j" like this:

Start at the top and make a straight line to the bottom then curve it to the left.
 
The Letter Kk
1. Play a Listening game: Blow a "kiss" when you hear a word that begins like "kiss." Then read the list again and have your child say if he/she hears the "K k" sound at the beginning, middle or end of each word or doesn't hear it at all.

kite, Kevin, chicken, hat, kilt, kaleidoscope, chalk, 
Katie, pickle, kind, sink, egg, Mickey, sick, Nick, talk, 
teach, kitchen, pencil, kindergarten, speak, key, monkey

2. Science: Have your child put several kernels of unpopped corn in a clear container of water. Drop in one Alka Seltzer tablet and watch the kernels move up and down.

3. Sing a song to the tune of "Here We Go Round The Mulberry Bush." 

This is the way we walk to school,
Walk to school, walk to school,
This is the way we walk to school,
In our Kindergarten.

Let your child add more verses of what we do in school and how we get along as a group by replacing "walk to school" with: hang up our coats, pledge the flag, read a book, listen in school, sit in our chair, raise our hand, wash our hands, take our turn, eat our snack, go to gym, listen to stories, zip our coats...

4. Kitchens: While in your kitchen, show your child all the various appliances and their use. Have your child try to draw a map of the kitchen. Draw a big rectangle on a piece of paper. Have your child write/draw where the sink, stove and refrigerator are located.

5. Keys: Provide an assortment of keys for your child to look at, talk about, sort and count. Then have your child pretend he/she has a special key that will open anything in the world. Have him/her draw a picture of what the key would look like and tell what it would open. What happens after it is opened? Make a book about his/her story. Staple a few sheets of paper together then let your child draw the pictures and write a sentence about each picture. Have your child read the story to someone.
 
6. Show your child how to make "K k" like this:

K: Make a straight line from top to bottom. Make a sliding board in to the middle of the line, pause, then make a sliding board back out.
k: Make a straight line from top to bottom. Go to the middle line and make a sliding board in to the line, pause, then make a sliding board back out. 
 
The Letter Ll
1. Listening: Lift one leg when you hear a word that begins like "leg." Another day read the list again and have your child say if he/she hears the "L l" sound at the beginning, middle or end of each word or doesn't hear it at all.

laugh, umbrella, lake, family, doll, like, learn, tea, lettuce,
listen, alone, land, follow, Jill, ladder, red, live, penny,
tall, hollow, letter, lamp, color, lip, licorice, fill, fellow

2. Listening: Which words in these sentences begin with the "L l" sound?
a. I lost my lovely little doll.
b. Go to the library and look for a book about "lions."
c. Larry lost the letter from his teacher.
d. Light the lantern if you get lost.
e. Lucy likes to lick lemons and limes.

3. Play a Word Guessing game. All of your guesses should begin with "L l" sound.
a. When mothers want to put their babies to sleep they sing a _____. (lullaby)
b. Something that is sweet, is on a stick, and you lick is a ______. (lollipop)
c. I am a wild animal. I roar and have a mane. I am a _____. (lion)
d. I am a part of your body that you have only when you are sitting. I disappear when you stand up. I am your _______. (lap)
e. These turn colors and fall off a tree in Autumn. They are _______. (leaves)

4. Play a Listening and Thinking game. Tell what is wrong with these sentences.
a. Lydia said, "Lemons are sweet."
b. Lucas looked at the purple lettuce.
c. Airplanes fly low on the ground.
d. Lisa locked the door with a log.
e. Lilies of the valley and lilacs are food.

5. Make "My Love Book." Make a page for each person or thing you love. On each page copy the sentence "I love ______." Fill in the blank. Make a cover for your book then staple all your pages together. Read your book to your mom or dad.

6. Show your child how to make "L l" like this:

L: Start at the top and make a straight line to the bottom line then make a straight line from left to right at the bottom.
l: Make a straight line from top to bottom.
 
The Letter Mm
1. Listening: In each group, which words begin with the "M m" sound? Which word has a different sound at the beginning? What sound does it begin with?

mail, milk, book     lemon, more, magnet     music, baby, man
muscles, comb, mix     bunny, money, mother     mud, bud, made
mill, mice, bill     meat, mitten, beat     bug, map, mug
moth, bay, may     moo, boo, middle     my, make, by

2. Listening: Which words in these sentences begin with the "M m" sound?
a. Matthew had a ride on the merry-go-round.
b. Miss Mooney saw me at the store.
c. I will miss Mickey when he moves.
d. Melissa put money in her piggy bank.
e. Maria and Mike are getting married.

3. Play a Word Guessing game. Your answers should begin with the "M m" sound.
a. What is white, good to drink, and comes from a cow? _______ (milk)
b. What does a cat say? _______ (meow)
c. What animal can swing by its tail and make funny faces? _____ (monkey)
d. What do some people wear over their faces on Halloween? ______ (masks)
e. What day comes after Sunday? ________ (Monday)

4. Play a Listening and Thinking game. Tell what is wrong with these sentences.
a. Music makes me mad.
b. Machines make work hard for men.
c. Marge wears mittens on her feet.
d. Mom makes mudpies for dinner.
e. The moon is made of green cheese.

5. Make a list of friends, relatives and favorite storybook characters with a name that begins with the "M m" sound. 

6. Ask your child to act out the fingerplay, "Five Little Monkeys." Five little monkeys swinging in a tree, Teasing Mr. Alligator, "Can't catch me!" Along comes Mr. Alligator quiet as can be. SNAP! Four little monkeys swinging in a tree...

7. Show your child how to print "M m" this way:
M: Make 2 straight lines from top to bottom. Put a dot in between the 2 lines at the bottom. Make a sliding board from each line at the top to the dot at the bottom.
m: Make a straight line from middle to bottom, pause, trace back up and around, pause, trace up and around again.
 
The Letter Nn
1. Listening: Which words in these sentences begin like the word "night?"
a. We need a new car.
b. A rabbit's nose wrinkles when he nibbles lettuce.
c. Ned is Mr. Newman's nephew.
d. Nick has a navy blue necktie.
e. My name is never in the newspaper.
f. Norman sent a note to Nancy.

2. Touch your "nose" when you hear a word that begins like "nuts."

nest, paint, noise, nap, napkin, brown, not, new, knife, next, nation, needle, corn, newt, noon, tennis, knob, jump, number, Niagara Falls, Navy, net, November, pin, nail, nice, box, neck, newspaper, none, lamp

3. Thinking: Tell what is wrong with the following sentences.

a. Nora ate noodle soup with a fork.
b. Nellie was hammering a nail with a net.
c. Nan can knit with a knife.
d. Nonny Nanny Goat nibbles nickels growing on the bush.
e. No babies take naps.

4. Play a Word Guessing game:
All the words you will guess will begin like "not."

a. I can sniff with my _________. (nose)
b. The sun shines in the daytime and the moon shines at _______. (night)
c. A person who helps the doctor take care of people is called a ____. (nurse)
d. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are ________. (numbers)
e. What number comes after eight? _______ (nine)

5. Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "November night." Glue them to a piece of paper and have your child label the pictures
.

6. Show your child how to make "N n" this way:

N = Make a straight line from top to bottom then make another line from top to bottom next to it. Go to the top of the line on the left and make a "sliding board" to the bottom of the other line.

n = make a line from top to bottom trace back up the line and go around then to the bottom.
 
The Letter Oo
1. Play "ON or IN." Place a small box, with a lid that can be opened, on the table and place a small toy next to it. Tell your child you are going to pronounce some words that begin with "O" as in on or "I" as in in. If the word begins like "on," place the toy "on" the box; if like "in," it should go "in" the box.

omelette      it      ox      onward      olive      itchy      interesting      if opposite      itself      opera      ink      October      indoors      insects      oddly 

2. Play "Big O." Pronounce a series of words. If the word begins with the short o sound, ask your child to form a large O by raising his/her hands above his/her head with fingertips touching. Hands remain down if the word begins with another sound. Say the following words:

October, olive, on, cat, octopus, policeman, operator, butter, oxen, give, otter, operation, add, barn, opposite, cardinal, ostrich, oxygen ...

3. A word guessing game: All the words you guess should begin with the "O o" sound.
a. Halloween comes on the last day of the month of _____. (October)
b. The sales clerk said to be sure the sweater would fit you can try it____. (on)
c. An animal that has eight arms and lives in the ocean is an____. (octopus)
d. That three legged animal with green polka dots certainly looks ____. (odd)

4. Octopus Stories: Have your child draw pictures of an octopus having an adventure in the ocean. Have him/her tell you a story to go with the pictures and you write the words down for him/her. Then have your child find all the O's in his/her story and trace them with an orange crayon.

5. Art Activity: "Octopus in the Ocean" Give your child a butter tub to use as the body of an octopus. Have him/her cut out 8 legs and tape them to the lid then put the lid on the upside-down tub. Use markers to add eyes, mouth and other features.

6. Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "octopus." Glue them to a piece of paper and have your child label the pictures.
 
7. Show your child how to make "O o" this way:

Start at the top, curve down to the left and touch the botom line. Then come back up and close your Oo.
 
The Letter Pp
1. Play a listening game: 
"Which words begin with the "P p" sound in these sentences?"

a. Pick up the papers, please.
b. Polly, Peter, and Paul are playmates.
c. Peggy likes purple paint.
d. Pokey Puppy and Polly Parrot are at the pet store.
e. Patty bought PopPop some peanuts.

2. "I will read some words. Pat your tummy when you hear something to eat. Then say the word."

peas    penny    porridge    pepper    park    pudding    power
pickle    pin    pour    pear    pumpkin    pie    peach    pony
peacock    potato    peck    plum    pancake    pepperoni

3. Play a word guessing game. All the words that your child will guess should have the "P p" sound at the beginning.

a. On my birthday I will invite my friends to come to my _______. (party)
b. A baby dog is called a __________. (puppy)
c. At music time your teacher plays the ______ (piano) while you sing.
d. A bird at the zoo that has long tail feathers which he can open to show beautiful colors is a ________. (peacock)
e. The color you make by mixing red and white is ________. (pink)

4. Look through magazines to find pictures of objects that begin like pumpkin patch. Glue them to a piece of paper and have your child label the pictures.

5. Show your child how to make "P p" like this:

Start at the top and make a straight line to the bottom. Go back to the top to go around.
 
The Letter Qq
1. "Q q" has many different forms. Help your child draw a patchwork quilt on a piece of paper. Then have your child find different forms of "Q q" in newspapers or magazines to glue all over it.

2. In English "Q q" does not have a sound of its own. It is always followed by "u" and has the same sound as the letters "k" and "w" blended together.

Auditory Perception: "Which two words begin like queen?"

catnap, quack, quiet         quarrel, rooster, quiver
question, candle, quiz       quail, quintuplets, pig
quarter, ghost, quick        quilt, kitchen, quaint
quart, quill, pudding         snow, quit, quest

3. Listening-Thinking: "I'm thinking of some words that begin like "quilt." Listen to the clue and tell me what word I am thinking of."

a. This word means fast. What is it? (quick)
b. This word means not noisy. What is it? (quiet)
c. This word means something people ask. What is it? (question)
d. This word means a coin that is more than a dime. What is it? (quarter)
e. This word means a woman who rules a country. What is it? (queen)

4. "Now I am going to tell you about some other words. Each word will begin with the sound of "Q q" in "quarter" and will rhyme with a word I say."

a. I'm thinking of a sound a farm animal makes. It rhymes with back. (quack)
b. I'm thinking of a blanket made out of material pieces. 
It rhymes with built. (quilt) 
c. I'm thinking of another word for stop. It rhymes with fit. (quit)

5. Show your child how to print "Q q" like this:

Q: Make a big O then place a small straight line in the lower right.
q: Make a small o then make a staright line next to the right side of the o. At the bottom, curve the line to the right.
 
The Letter Rr

1. Play a listening game. 
Which words in the sentence begin like "red robin?"

      a. The rabbit ran down the road.

      b. The rosebush has deep roots.

      c. The rain will ruin my picnic.

      d. The baby reached for the rattle.

    e. Remember the rules of the game.
2. Which two words in each group begin with the "R r" sound?

      row, run, dream          quack, rough, river

      read, throw, roar         right, really, pickle

      more, rose, ride          raspberries, sing, ripe

    rest, pilot, room          rock, referee, walrus
3. Play a Word Guessing game. 
All words your child guesses should begin with "R r."

      a. I see dark clouds in the sky. I think it's going to ________. (rain)

      b. A little animal with a cotton tail and long ears is called a ____. (rabbit)

      c. The colors in the flag are blue, white and _______. (red)

    d. A square and triangle have sharp corners, but a circle is ________. (round)
4. Rhyme Time: I will tell you about some words I am thinking of.
Each word will begin with the same sound as "radio."
      a. This is one of your hands. Its name rhymes with light. What is it? (right)

      b. This is what people drive on. Its name rhymes with toad. What is it? (road)

      c. This is a beautiful flower. Its name rhymes with nose. What is it? (rose)

      d. This is something we eat. It rhymes with nice. What is it? (rice)

    e. This gets shot into space. It rhymes with pocket. What is it? (rocket)

5. Look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "red robin." Glue them to a piece of paper and have your child label the pictures.


6. Sing “"Rain, Rain, Go Away" and "Row, Row, Row Your Boat."

7. Show your child how to write "R r" like this:

R: Make a straight line from top to bottom. Then go back to the top and make a curved line on the right of the line that goes to the middle line, pause, then make a slanted line toward the right to the bottom line.
r: Make a straight line from the middle to the bottom line, pause, trace back up then make a curved line to the right that stops halfway between the middle line and the bottom line.
 
The Letter Ss
1. Your child can make a list of "Ss Things you can get in a restaurant."

2. Which two words begin with the "S s" sound in each group?
seed, bean, sunflower       mouse, suit, soapy
super, saddle, anchor        soldier, pipe, sailor
cowboy, sew, simple         safety, salad, moon

3. Which words in these sentences begin with the "S s" sound?
a. Sing a song of sixpence.
b. I like to sing silly songs.
c. In the summer I get sunburned if I stay in the sun too long.
d. Winter is the snowy season.
e. We had soup and salad for supper.

4. Play a Word Guessing game. 
All of your guesses should begin with the "S s" sound.
a. When I don't feel well, I am _________. (sick)
b. For lunch I had a peanut butter _________. (sandwich)
c. Before I put on my shoes, I put on my ________. (socks)
d. What number comes after five? After six? After fifteen? After sixteen?
e. What day comes after Friday? After Saturday?

5. Make lists of all the things you can think of that are SOFT, SALTY, taste SOUR; or all the food, animals, names of people that begin with the "S s" sound. Compare the lists you made. Which list is the longest? the shortest? Staple on a cover and make a book called "My Ss Lists."

6. Make a spider. You will need a small paper plate, a scissors, glue, black and white crayons, and black construction paper. Color the top and bottom of the paper plate black. (You can also paint it, use a black marker or trace around the paper plate two times on white paper, color them black, cut them out then glue them to the top and bottom of the plate.) From the black paper, cut 8 strips and glue 4 to each side of the paper plate for legs. (If you don't have black paper you can cut white paper into strips and color them with the black crayon.) Draw white eyes on top. Write a story about the spider living in your bedroom with you.

7. Show your child how to make "S s" this way:

S: Start at the top and start forming the letter c to the middle line then make a backwards c to the bottom line.
s: Do the same for the lower case s except start at the middle line and end at the bottom line.
 
The Letter Tt
1. Recognition: Tt has 2 different forms for the lower case "t." Have your child look through a newspaper and circle all the different forms of "t" he/she can find. 

2. Listening: "Touch your toes" when you hear a word that begins like "tape." Then read the list again and have your child say if he/she hears the "T t" sound at the beginning, middle or end of each word or doesn't hear it at all.

tire, tomb, little, tub, bat, call, toy, football, butter, tar
winter, tip, beat, till, cook, tall, take, pot, white, tomato
tail, tough, turkey, doctor, eat, time, plant, twenty, tease

3. Guessing Game: All the words you guess should begin with the "T t" sound.

a. What number comes after one? After nine? After eleven? (two, ten, twelve)
b. To get toothpaste on my toothbrush I must squeeze the ______. (tube)
c. We just got a pet with a shell. It's a ________. (turtle)
d. That big striped animal behind you is a _______. (tiger)
e. Twice a year I go to have the dentist check my _______. (teeth)

4. Make "My Terrific Tt Book." Staple several pages together then look through magazines to find and cut out pictures of things beginning like "tom turkey." Glue a picture to each page and have your child label the pictures.

5. Draw a turkey. Spread your fingers out on a piece of paper and trace around your hand. Your thumb makes the head so add a beak, eyes and the red wattle to it. Color the feathers made by your fingers and add legs. Write a story about your turkey.

6. What is the difference between a turtle, a tortoise and a terrapin? Talk about: trains, telephone manners, toothbrush, toothpaste, teeth, two, twins, ten, toys, top, triangle, Tuesday, trucks, tools, teachers, tigers, television, trees, tulips, tiptoes, trumpets, typewriters...

7. Show your child how to print "T t" this way:

T: Make a straight line from top to bottom then cross it at the top from left to right.
t: Make a straight line from top to bottom and cross it from left to right about a third of the way from the top.
 
The Letter Uu
1. Play "THUMBS UP." I am going to say some words. Listen for the sound "U u" makes in the word "up." If you hear the same sound at the beginning of the word I say, point your thumbs up. If you hear any other sound at the beginning, then point your thumbs down. 

up, ant, ugly, umbrella, uncle, elf, other, under, 
pencil, umpire, anger, undershirt, us, engine, ugh, 
unpack, lemon, untie, unlock, oval, until, upward

2. Play a word guessing game. All the words you guess should begin with the "U u" sound you hear at the beginning of the word "umbrella."
a. I am going on a trip to visit my aunt and ________. (uncle)
b. That pile of trash isn't pretty, it is _______. (ugly)
c. When it rains we put up our _______. (umbrella)
d. The opposite of over is ________. (under)
e. The person who calls the strikes in a baseball game is the ______. (umpire)

3. Say a word and have your child give the opposite word using the "un" prefix.
tie - untie         cover - uncover
do - undo          dress - undress 
lock - unlock      wrap - unwrap
fold - unfold      pack - unpack

4. Use your imagination and make up a story about a magic umbrella. Brainstorm some ideas first: Where does your story take place? Does it matter if it is sunny, rainy, windy, snowy? Who owns the umbrella or is it waiting to be discovered by someone? Who? You? What happens when someone opens the umbrella? Do magic words make the umbrella work? What adventure does the umbrella take you/someone on? How do you get home? 

5. Make a book about your magic umbrella story. Fold 2 or 3 sheets of paper in half and staple. Your child should draw the pictures that tell his/her story. Then he/she can write a sentence about each picture.

6. How many words or phrases can you think of that have "up" in them?

7. Show your child how to print "U u" like this: 

U: Start at the top line and make a smile. Make it touch the bottom line then go back up to the top line. 
u: Start at the middle line and make a smile. Make it touch the bottom line then go back up to the middle line. Pause, then make a straight line to the bottom line.
 
The Letter Vv
1. Which word in each group begins with the "V v" sound?
     space, vitamins, have      Vaseline, book, fish
     boy, pie, vowel               funny, vaccination, bed
     vacant, kick, look           parsley, done, vault
     soon, very, egg               victory, car, umbrella

2. Do you hear the "V v" sound at the beginning, middle or end of each word?

vest, save, lovable, value, jovial, favorite, solve, van, weave
valentine, have, invest, Victoria, David, hive, behave, valley

3. Play a Word Guessing game. 
All the words you guess should begin like "valentine."

a. I like ice cream. My favorite flavor is ________. (vanilla)
b. When we moved, our furniture went in a moving ________. (van)
c. Pumpkins grow on a _________. (vine)
d. Peas, carrots and corn are __________. (vegetables)
e. When mother cleans the rug she uses a _________. (vacuum cleaner)

4. Play a Listening and Thinking game: Vivian is a girl who likes the letter "V v" and all things that begin with the "V v" sound. Answer the following questions:

a. Will Vivian eat vegetables or fruit?
b. Does Vivian like chocolate or vanilla ice cream?
c. Would Vivian wear a jacket or a vest?
d. Does Vivian play a violin or a guitar?
e. Would Vivian play basketball or volleyball?

5. Make a Valentine out of red, pink or white paper. Cut out "V v" from a newspaper and glue them on the valentine. Find magazine pictures or draw pictures beginning with the "V v" sound on the valentine. Have your child label the pictures.

6. Show your child how to make "V v" this way:

V and v: Make a sliding board that slants down to the right then make a line that slants back up to the right.
 
The Letter Ww
1. Play a listening game. Have your child "wave" his/her hand (or wink) when he/she hears a word beginning like "warm waffles."

wag, back, were, west, crate, wiggle, wax, house, waste, motor, side, wise, wart, wall, guard, wish, weed, middle, word, rabbit, way, pass, wolf, several, win, warm, bike, wool, war, lamp, water...

2. Play the "Watermelon Game." Read each sentence to your child. He/She must substitute a word beginning with "W w" for the word "watermelon" in each sentence.

a. On Halloween we see watermelons riding on brooms. (witches)
b. May I have a drink of watermelon? (water)
c. Look out the watermelon. (window)
d. The friendly puppy watermeloned his tail. (wagged)
e. There was an old watermelon who lived in a shoe. (woman)

3. Which words in these sentences begin with the "W w" sound?
a. Willie the worm wiggled down his hole in the dirt. 
b. The woman wore a wig.
c. We saw a wonderful wishing well.
d. The windmill turned fast on the windy day.
e. Walter and William have fun with their wagon.

4. Have your child draw a big window. Then have him/her make it a "Wonderful Ww Window" by gluing W w's and magazine pictures beginning with the "W w" sound in the window. Have your child label the pictures.

5. Tell your child, "Draw the picture you think you are the best at drawing on a piece of white paper." Use markers, colored pencils, crayons or whatever you wish. With a pencil, write a sentence to tell about your picture.
 
6. Show your child how to make "W w" this way:

W: Make 4 sliding boards from the top to bottom line.
w: Make 4 sliding boards from the middle to the bottom line.
 
The Letter Xx

The letter-sound association we are studying this week is "X x." There are no words in English beginning with the sound that "X x" usually represents, which is /ks/, the sound you hear at the end of the word "box."

Show your child how to play "Tic Tac Toe." Let your child be X.

Show your child how to make "X x" this way:
Start at the top each time. Make 2 sliding boards that cross each other.
 
The Letter Xx at the end of a word
1. Draw a box or use a real box then go on an "X x" letter hunt in a magazine. Cut out and glue on, or put in the box, the letter X x. Cut out or draw pictures of things that have an "X x" in the middle or at the end of its name to add to the box.

2. Auditory Perception: Make an "X x" with your pointer fingers (or your arms or legs) each time you hear a word that has an "X x" sound in the middle or at the end.

as, taxi, save, Max, lox, white, flex, maximum, cheese,
queen, fix, flax, fruit, boxer, next, hex, saxophone, might,
will, flexible, oxen, chicken pox, juice, Lexington, tax...

3. Listening and Thinking: "Which words in these sentences have the "X x" sound?" "Where do you hear the "X x" sound in each of the words (middle or end)?"

a. Sam waxes the kitchen floor.
b. Jack plays the saxophone and trombone.
c. Are there any letters in our mailbox?
d. Rex does not have a tuxedo.
e. Do you have an extra box?
f. Dixon likes Kix cereal.
g. A hexagon has six sides.
h. Please help Max fix the mixer.
i. Does Dexter live in Texas or New Mexico?
j. Which is more: six foxes or sixteen foxes?

4. Sing a song about the letter "X x."
Tune: Where is Thumbkin? 
Where is Xx? Where is Xx?
Here I am. Here I am.
How are you today Xx? Very well I thank you.
Xx away. Xx away.

5. Play "Tic Tac Toe." Show your child how to draw the # grid on a piece of paper. Let your child be X. You be O. Take turns. The first player to get 3 in a row, either across, down or diagonally, wins the game. To keep score: write both player’s names on a piece of paper. Each time a player wins place a tally mark next to their name. When time is up, count up the tally marks. The player with the most is the winner.

6. Show your child how to make "X x" this way:
     Make 2 "sliding boards" that cross in the middle.
 
The Letter Yy
1. Auditory Perception: 
Say "yes" each time you hear a word that begins like "yarn."

yellow, Yosemite, went, yarn, town, yet, yogi, game, yonder, job, you, yap, yesterday, ride, youth, yard, rind, jam, yield, yoke, cough, your, youth...

2. Listening: Which words in these sentences begin with the "Y y" sound?

a. It's fun to yodel on a mountain.
b. I love my yellow lollipop. Yum, yum, yum!
c. Do you think yogurt is yummy?
d. Yeast makes bread rise.
e. Did you live in New York?
f. Jeff measured the yarn with a yardstick.
g. Sam had a sailboat but Yolanda had a yacht.

3. Play a Word Guessing game. All of the words guessed should begin with 
the sound heard at the beginning of "yard."

a. The day before today was _______. (yesterday)
b. An animal with shaggy fur that likes to climb mountains is a ______. (yak)
c. Parents are older, children are ________. (younger)
d. The yellow part of the egg is the ________. (yolk)
e. A round toy that goes up and down on a string is a ______. (yo-yo)
f. When you are tired you sometimes open your mouth and _______. (yawn)
g. Twelve months make a __________. (year)

4. Make "My Yy Book." Staple several pieces of paper together to make a book. Have your child look through magazines to find pictures of things beginning like "yellow yarn." Glue one or two to each page then have your child label.

5. Ask your child to sing "We Wish You A Happy Yy Week" for you. Here's another song to sing: "Let's Give A Yell For Y" Tune: The Farmer In The Dell Song: Let's give a yell for Y, Let's give a yell for Y. Y is for you and for yellow, too. Let's give a yell for Y.

6. Show your child how to print "Y y" like this:

Y: Make a small V then place a straight line from top to bottom under the v.
y: Make a short sliding board then make a long sliding board.
 
 
The Letter Zz
 
1. Listen for the "Z z" sound in these words. Tell if you hear it at the beginning, middle or the end of each word.

Ziggy, lazy, gauze, buzz, zany, zero, crazy, chimpanzee, zeal
magazine, fizz, gazette, Zanzibar, frozen, hazy, fuzz, hazard,
pizza, Zeus, gaze, zeppelin, gizzard, zither, zigzag, zucchini, zone

2. Which words in these sentences have the "Z z" sound? Say where you hear the "Z z" sound: at the beginning, middle or end of the word.
a. Zachary zoomed around the yard like a crazy rocket.
b. Azaleas and zinnias grow in my garden.
c. You might see zebras and gazelles grazing in Zambia.
d. Zita won a prize at the pet show for her lizard.

3. Play a Word Guessing game. All of your guesses should begin with the "Z z" sound.
a. The number that comes before one is ________. (zero)
b. I like to see the wild animals in the ______. (zoo)
c. My favorite jacket doesn't have buttons, it has a ________. (zipper)
d. An animal that looks like a black and white striped horse is a _____. (zebra)
e. Another word for crazy is _______. (zany)

4. Sing a song called "Zany Z's" sung to the tune of "London Bridge."
Zany Z's are zipping by, Zipping by, zipping by.
Zany Z's are zipping by, Zip! Zap! Zoom!

Zany zebras are zipping by, Zipping by, zipping by.
Zany zebras are zipping by, Zip! Zap! Zoom!

Add more verses substituting other "Z z" words for the word "zebras."

5. Make some zipper rubbings. You'll need different colored crayons, a piece of white paper and a variety of zippers from jackets, duffle bags, jeans, purses, etc. Lay the zipper as flat as you can on a table. Place the paper on top of the zipper then using the side of a crayon, rub it over the zipper. Do this with different kinds of zippers in different colors all over the paper.

6. Show your child how to write "Z z" like this:
Z: Make a line from left to right on the top line then make another line from left to right on the bottom line. Make a sliding board from the top right line to the bottom left line.
z: Same as above only use the middle line and bottom line.


The above activities were found on the link:  http://www.mrsjonesroom.com/